The True Vine
The Vineyard of the Lord Isaiah 5:1-7
Let me sing for my beloved my love song concerning his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard on a very fertile hill. He dug it and cleared it of stones, and planted it with choice vines; he built a watchtower in the midst of it, and hewed out a wine vat in it; and he looked for it to yield grapes, but it yielded wild grapes. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard. What more was there to do for my vineyard, that I have not done in it? When I looked for it to yield grapes, why did it yield wild grapes? And now I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard. I will remove its hedge, and it shall be devoured; I will break down its wall, and it shall be trampled down. I will make it a waste; it shall not be pruned or hoed, and briers and thorns shall grow up; I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it. For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant planting; and he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, an outcry!
You brought a vine out of Egypt; you drove out the nations and planted it.
Israel is referred to as the vine of the Lord, His planting. And over again the Scripture details how this vine would yield wild grapes and not the fruit of the Lord. It was because of their disobedience they were troubled and displaced.
Many years later, King Herod refurbished the center of Israeli worship the Second Temple which was later referred to as Herod’s Temple.
The Vineyard Motif
Not only on the temple itself but also the money displayed the idea of the vine as representative of Israel. It was unlawful for a graven image to be reproduced as an idol, but symbolic figures of Israel’s identity seemed to be allowed. The vine was one of those images.
I Am the True Vine
"I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. (John 15:1)
Jesus is the True Vine; The Choicest of Vines
“Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; Your father’s children shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, you have gone up. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; And as a lion, who shall rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people. Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in wine, And his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes are darker than wine, And his teeth whiter than milk. (Genesis 49:8-12)
The Prophetic Declaration of Israel (Jacob)
1. Judah would be praised. Literally his name meant “Praised”. Literally the area that was most dignified in the promised land was named after this tribe and its land.
2. His father’s children would bow before Judah. Not only was Jerusalem, the center of worship and legal affairs, in Judah but the revered king was from this tribe...David.
3. The scepter of law and leadership would not depart from Judah until...
4. Shiloh comes and to him all the people will gather. “Shiloh” an epithet meaning tranquil or peace. Which is the descriptor of Emmanuel, Prince of Peace.
5. Judah was known as the area in Israel where vineyards grew plentiful and the
6. “He washed his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of grapes”. This statement has been interpreted that Judah would be abundantly flooded with the product of the vine thus the blessing of the Lord within its borders. However, here again we see the prophetic significance that this man of peace named Shiloh will actually tread the winepress of the wrath of God. So the angel swung his sickle across the earth and gathered the grape harvest of the earth and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. (Revelation 14:19) "I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with me; I trod them in my anger and trampled them in my wrath; their lifeblood spattered on my garments, and stained all my apparel. (Isaiah 63:3)
7. “His eyes are darker than wine...” “...as applied to the Messiah, the antitype of Judah, and who was of this tribe, it may denote ...as the joy and pleasure that sparkled in his eyes when he shed his blood on the cross, enduring that, and despising the shame of it, for the joy of the salvation of his people; or the clearness of his sight in beholding the actions of his enemies, and especially of the fierceness and fury of his wrath against them, whose eyes are said to be an flames of fire, Revelation 1:14 (John Gill)